A road trip, driving to your job or coming home from an exhausting day can be a daily activity where you find yourself in a position where you need to keep your eyes on the road while protecting others by following the driving rules. Here are some tips that can help you regarding drivers fatigue that’s affecting more and more Americans in a modern society
Get Seven to Eight Hours of Sleep
You need to stay alert and safe behind the wheel. Fatigue can lead to real danger on the road, but it’s just a lack of sleep or feeling tired. Almost 37% (National Safety Council) driver nodded off or fallen asleep at the wheel at least once during last year. Get you seven or eight hours of sleep and get enough rest. It can help your body to recover and to be fresh.
So don’t go on a road trip or holiday exhausted. Try to avoid night drives, cause glare of lights on your dashboard and other vehicles increase the chance of distraction. You need to keep your breaks for caffeine every 2 hours and also explain your driving partner to start some conversation so he/she can keep you up.
Beware of myths
There are myths like drinking coffee while driving, turning up the radio or cd, eating sugary food or rolling down a window while driving. They can be, but there is not the practical solution. These are just misconceptions. If you are tired, stop and have a 20-minute power nap. Allow time to be your best friend and recover before you hit the road again.
Don’t get too comfortable
Drive with your shoulders back and your head up. Get your posture right. Legs should be flexed around 45-degree angle. Tuck your back against the lower part of the seat. You can use sunglasses to fight the road glares.
Sings of fatigue
- You yawn often
- Red eyes
- You have the problem with finding a comfortable position
- Maintaining speed and keeping the straight course
- Slower reactions
- Seeing things that are not there, foggy or blurred picture
- Getting nervous when there is a monotonous part of the road
- You stop looking in your rearview mirrors
- The trouble with keeping your eyes open
If you fall asleep for 2 seconds during driving at 60 km/h, you will wake up 30 meters further down the road. A driver who has not slept for 17 hours is likely to crash than a person with a blood alcohol content of 05g/100ml. Being awake for 24 hours and driving, you have seven times chance more likely to crash than a well-rested person. Don’t wait for your sleep debt to accumulate. That can be dangerous. The only way to avoid liability to adds up is to have regular seven to eight hours of sleep.
Without sleep, this debt can add up and may lead to urge to rest while on the road.
Texting and Driving in Arizona
Three-quarters of the driver have seen other drivers texting or talking on cellphone according to the survey reported in Nationwide 2009. Four out of five cellphone owner admit they are using the cell phone while driving. People can’t concentrate on two things simultaneously because our brain has a cognitive load, which means one mental activity can be engaged at a time. So, it means if there’s a driver who is using a cellphone while driving he is less focused on driving then he should be without texting or talking.
If you are experienced driver the cognitive load will increase in term of your focus on driving while you are on the road.
Texting while driving is new drunk driving. These are the statistic during 2015. By U.S Department of Transportation statistics. Numbers are around 3.500 fatalities and about 400.000 injuries. Teens are most common drivers in these incidents, four-time more likely than adults. From 2011 to 2015 the National Traffic Highway Safety Administration reported around 50.000 to 70.000 crashes.
Safety campaigns have produced little results cause numbers are still rising. Around 88% drivers use their phone on all trips in the U.S. Most of drivers ignore the warnings cause they think using a phone while driving is not that dangerous.
Hands-free devices are not the necessarily better solution then handheld phone. Volume for hands-free devices has been the no.1 problem cause many times drivers spend more time fiddling with the earpieces or headphones then the actual cellphone. Bluetooth or similar products in which cell phone calls are transmitted through the car’s built-in microphone may be the safest solution.
In Arizona Senate Bill 1261 would impose a fine of between $25 and $99 for a first offense and between $100 and $200 for a subsequent offense. Some lawmakers have tried to ban texting and driving, and they have failed every time.
This year The Senate Committee on Transportation and Technology unanimously approved the proposal and proposal has now moved to the Rules of Committee before going to the full Senate.
If texting while driving causes death or an injury the defendant will pay up to $4000 and be charged with a class 2 misdemeanor. Many states outlawed hand-held phone use while driving or have banned cell phone use for a specific type of drivers (except. police, fire department, medical, etc.) In California, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Connecticut, Maryland, and Washington (Washington D.C. and the Virgin Islands) police officers can pull you over for using a hand-held cell phone.
Diving studies find that our notion of traffic gets worse is far from guaranteed, and sometimes we unconsciously pick up the phone when we have some news or just application update. Our brain needs around 30 seconds to reorient and resume our attention to driving after we touch our cellphone, radio or something else. We now have scientifical proof that our brain needs some time after multitasking to resume to one thing. So it’s somewhat safe to park your vehicle and then text or send email
Safety Procedures in Arizona
There is nothing more important than protecting the children safe. There are laws that can help with safety procedures and Arizona has become one of that places. After Elizabeth Bates was killed by a truck as she exited her school bus in 2008, there is a new safety law:
- HB 2170(School bus signs; overtaking and passing school bus; 5 violation; driver license suspension; civil penalty), which is referring to stopping all the vehicles on the road when a school bus is on the road. Also, including rural roads. The school bus will stop and flashlights in order for other vehicles to stop.
The year which this awful event occurs, other families all across the states were experiencing the similar consequence of unsafe situations around school buses unloading or loading passengers.
33 school-age children die each year in school bus-related crashes. HB2170 changes ARS § 28-857, which is a part of general traffic laws in title 28 governing motorists on public roads and highways. It addresses the conduct of stopping when motorbikes are approaching the school bus with warning lights, requires school bus drivers to stop at railroad crossings;
But, there are unclear chapters in section 28-857 is the part where motorcyclists should wait for a bus to use warning lights and stop signs when there is unloading or loading situation on a private3 road, driveway or public road.
Executives all around the states are taking this proactive law as a great way to stop possible future vehicle accident. Director of transportation at Pendergast Elementary School District in West Pheonix adopted the law as a “clear direction” for bus drivers when they need to alarm the surroundings on the freeway with stop arms and red lights. “The right thing to do” has been addressed to all schools across the states by Antonio Mlynek, transportation supervisor at Washington Elementary School District in Phoenix.
A minimum civil penalty is $250. A third violation within the three years period increases to $1000 and loss of driver license for a year. Violators of Arizona’s school bus passing the law can be raised up to a 750$ after first offense if another violation is brought to court within three years and the court imposes minimum six months without drivers license if this accident occurs.
It took almost five years for Craig Bates, Elizabeth’s father, for the law to be valid.
There are also laws by The Alabama Law Enforcement Agency that are pretty useful.
1) Two-lane roadway: When School bus stops for passengers, all traffic from both directions must stop!
2) Four-lane roadway with a median separation: When a school bus stops for passengers, all traffic from both directions must stop!
3) The roadway of four lanes or more with a center turning lane: When school stops for passengers, all traffic from both directions must stop!
4) Two-lane road with a center turning lane: When the school bus stops for passengers, all traffic from both directions must stop!
5) Divided highway of four lanes or more with a median separation: When the school bus stops for passengers, only traffic following the bus must stop.
Car Accident Victims
A driver has one responsibility, and that is watching the road in front of them. Making phone calls, eating, texting, or updating GPS can be very dangerous while driving. If the Distracted driver has caused the incident, the driver may be held liable- or legally responsible. It can cause physical as emotional trauma. In this situations it is essential to know your rights or if anyone from your family or friends experience similar life situations.
Get adequate medical attention
First of all, if the accident occurs, especially if accident renders a victim of cause any other serious injury, seek medical help as soon as possible. They will help with proper medical care and have the wounds treated.
It is crucial that individuals take care of their physical harm and to prevent further injury. Medicine staff should take documentation of current injuries as well as the damage the other person/persons injured during the crash. If your doctor diagnoses an injury and begins treatment, continue the course of the therapy as pointed. Your doctor is in the best position to determine a treatment for you and to keep doctor’s record of your visits and verify the nature of injuries. This verification is vital due to a later injury claim. You can get your copy of your medical records. Is it said that you were going 45 mph when you were going 25 and vice versa.
The victims should collect as much information about the incident as possible. Other parties that are involved in the incident should be documented, names and contacts. If there are police officers on the site, you can seek the copies of incident reports. Commonly, there are witnesses information, pictures of the crash site and further documentation from the coalition. Write down what happened. Include every detail of what happened in the accident. Features should include the time of the day, lane you were driving, weather condition, road condition and other information that may contribute to the crash. Pictures are paramount cause they can prove other driver’s negligence.
Report the accident to your insurance company. You can take the settlement offer, but sometimes it is better to talk with the professional. There are compensations for the accidents, and they are determined by the court. It is vital for victims to know what are they seeking damages. Physical injuries, disability, medical treatment, mental distress loss of earning ability, loss of earnings, inconvenience, damage to property, hospitalization expenditure, pain, and suffering.
A car accident attorney can give you legal representation. The critical thing to know is that you can sue other parties as well responsible for the accident.
If your car was smashed by a truck, you could file a suit against both, the driver and the trucking company. Also, if the intersection was poorly designed or constructed, you can seek claims from the state agencies. You can even sue the manufacturers of equipment failing, or construction caused the accident. For negligence, you can sue the third parties like Government agencies and road contractors.