You may have heard of an umbrella policy when discussing insurance. However, many people are unaware of what it actually is and how to utilize it. Because of this, umbrella policies may not be purchased or even used. When it comes to personal injury cases, it’s important to know what your umbrella policy will cover. After all, there’s no sense in having the policy if it’s not going to be of some use to you down the road. Keep reading for the basics of personal injury coverage with an umbrella policy.

What Does an Umbrella Policy Cover?

An average umbrella policy is basically an add-on to the policies you already have. This means it covers above what your normal policy covers. Bodily injury, personal injury, property damage, and landlord liability is what an umbrella policy more commonly covers. Umbrella policies don’t cover things like business losses, written or oral contracts, personal belongings, etc.

How Does an Umbrella Policy Work?

As mentioned above, an umbrella policy kicks in when your normal policy isn’t enough. It acts as a band-aid of extra coverage just in case your usual policy isn’t enough. For example, if you were in a car accident that was your fault, and the other party was injured in the incident, your normal car insurance will cover up to a certain amount. However, if something happens and the case ends up calling for more than your car insurance will cover, the umbrella policy will begin covering the amount that went beyond the coverage of your normal car insurance.


Many people think having an umbrella policy isn’t worth it. However, here is a scenario to put it into perspective. Car insurance policies will only cover so much and you can’t purchase any more than their highest limit. Therefore, the only way to get extra coverage is to go for an umbrella policy. When personal injury cases are presented, aspects such as lost wages, grief, etc. are covered outside of the cost of medical bills for the injury itself. Say you hit a doctor and he sues you for lost wages on top of everything else. You could be looking at a million-dollar payout for damages with your car insurance only covering $500,000 of that. If your insurance doesn’t cover it, the judge and jury won’t care. You will still have to find a way to put the leftover damages amount. This can result in garnered wages, loss of property, home, other belongings, and more.

Umbrella policies aren’t necessary or required by law. However, they can prove to be quite the backup in such a sue-happy world. Umbrella policies commonly can be purchased in one million increments for up to five million in coverage.

A complete and thorough investigation should be conducted shortly after an accident to determine the cause of the accident. Negligence or a defective product may have been the proximate cause of the collision. In any event, you are entitled to seek the truth and have your case heard by a jury or judge. In Arizona, the parties can agree to have the matter heard by a judge in a more expeditious and inexpensive manner.

 Truck Accident Statistics

 In 2005, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) disclosed that there were over 5,000 fatalities involving the use of commercial trucks. You should be ready to file a claim after a trucking accident, given the great number of accidents caused by trucks and the severe injuries that are commonly suffered after one of these accidents.

 If you have been injured after one of these victims, you deserve to have your rights protected.

 Truck Inspections and Highway Safety

 Trucks must be inspected regularly and must adhere to the FMCSA standards. The drivers must also be regularly supervised and certified so that safe road can be assured for the general public.

 Truck Insurance

 Unlike passenger vehicles in Arizona, that require minimum insurance coverage of $15,000 to $30,000 for any bodily injury, commercial trucks must carry at least a minimum of $750,000 in insurance for any bodily injury that may occur on the road. It is essential to verify insurance coverage in these trucks after an accident because sometimes the owner may lease the truck, and the lessor may not carry the insurance mandated by the law.

 Trucking Company and Truck Driver Regulations

 Regulations set forth by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration standardize the use and maintenance of commercial trucks. These truck regulations include the use of controls and displays, starter interlocks, windshield defrosting and defogging systems, hydraulic and electric brake systems, and trailer load-carrying capacity.

 Further, truck drivers must comply with rules regarding receipts and bills, the transportation of household goods in interstate commerce, controlled substances and alcohol use and testing, commercial driver’s license standards, and other employee safety and health standards.

 The regulations are extensive, and the breach of any of these rules may cause an accident and severe injuries or loss of life.

 Seriously Injured in a Truck Accident?

 You need to pursue legal action within the statute of limitations and gather all the necessary information quickly before you lose valuable evidence in your case. The preservation of evidence is needed so that you are able to present all the correct and relevant information at court. The attorneys at Schenk Podolsky are highly qualified to handle trucking accident claims and lawsuits—contact us today to pursue your legal claim.

 If you have suffered a severe injury, or if a loved one has lost his or her life, as a result of a trucking accident, please contact our law firm. We can understand the scale of these cases, and we know how to properly conduct truck accident investigations through experts to prosecute your claim.

 We have a commitment to excellent personal service and to helping victims of truck accidents involving serious injury, or wrongful death, and will diligently pursue your claim.

Truck safety failures can be proved through the use of experts and inspections. Numerous causes of negligence can cause an accident. Therefore, only the most diligent inspections can reveal the proximate cause of the collision, and alert similar companies to follow better practices.

At Schenk Podolsky, we thoroughly investigate every truck accident case that comes through our office. The truck, or the components of the truck, not just the truck driver may have caused the accident. Further, the commercial truck driver may have been negligent in driving over the speed limit, over the hours of time allowed under the law, or may have simply been tired and inattentive at the time of the accident.

Trucking companies have high exposure limits when involved in an accident, so they have highly trained insurance adjusters and lawyers who investigate their losses. Thus, when you are injured in a truck accident, it is vital to have someone with the resources that Schenk Podolsky can provide you with.

Our firm can effectively investigate your truck accident and determine what parties were negligent in your loss. Whether it was the driver, poor maintenance, improper loading of the cargo or a combination of these, our firm will pursue the trucking company to ensure you obtain the compensation you are entitled to.

We would like to help you if were injured in an accident with a commercial truck. We have the experience and resources necessary to help you pursue your claim.

Contact Schenk Podolsky online, or by calling us at to set up a free consultation in our Mesa Law Office.

On the half-mile stretch of pavement, from 27th Avenue, just north of Bethany Home Road, six people were killed from 2010 to 2017. Four others were seriously injured, according to state Department of Transportation data. There’s no one reason that cars hit pedestrians. People may make a choice to step into a lane – one of the reasons is intoxication. Drivers may make a choice to look away from the road.

But interviews with safety experts and an Arizona Republic analysis of 12,000 pedestrian injuries and deaths chronicled in state collision data reveal two common factors. Both are as much about the design of the roads as the decisions of the people. Most pedestrians who are killed are hit when they cross outside a marked crosswalk, the area commonly referred to as “midblock.” And most pedestrian deaths happen on stretches of road designed to encourage higher speeds. Dozens of cities across the United States have begun redesigning their streets in response to surging pedestrian death rates in recent years, setting a target of zero roadway deaths. But in Arizona, there’s almost no commitment to that goal.

Smartphones, responsible for the death of thousands of pedestrians in the United States?

Nothing is safe yet, but the statistics are in any case formal. Since 2010, the number of Americans killed in accidents, mostly traffic, while they were just pedestrians, has increased dramatically. Four times more than the increase in the number of passengers or motorists who died in accidents.

The smartphone, responsible for the death of thousands of pedestrians?

All over the United States, road mortality continues to increase, although our country aims to “zero dead” on the road, especially with the arrival of autonomous and semi-autonomous cars.

The American authorities are in any case questioning the responsibility of smartphones in this slaughter. Attention, that it is not misunderstood, it is not envisaged here that the pedestrians are responsible for their own death, because they would watch their smartphone while walking, even if it is a proven risk of accident. The statistics are clear: more and more pedestrians are being hit by cars at night, on the road. Only one in five pedestrians involved in a traffic accident was at a crossroads, a junction, a pedestrian crossing.

Pedestrians mowed by motorists while looking at their phones

The association in charge of Road Safety in the United States decided to analyze all accidents that occurred in the US during the first six months of 2016, in order to analyze more precisely what is the cause this unprecedented increase in the number of dead pedestrians. The result of this study will be made public later this year.

You have just bought a new or used car and want to start a new era of driving safely? This article is made for you! Here are some tips to take care of your car while protecting your passengers and yourself.

Before leaving

It may seem obvious, but not many people actually do it so here’s a quick reminder of what to check on your vehicle. Do not start the voyage if your tire is smooth, have them changed before it’s too late. Go to a service station to check the pressure as well. You will find this information on your doorstep, by lifting the valve of your tank or in the maintenance book of your car. Two pressures are usually indicated, the first for normal use of your vehicle, the second when loaded. Take this into account when going on vacation. This takes only a few seconds and can change everything during sudden braking or driving on slippery surfaces.

On the way

Once on the road, put your hands at “10:10” on the steering wheel and drive carefully avoiding any distractions. Be sure to adapt your driving to traffic especially during departures on vacation. Speed ​​limits are not everything. When roads and highways are loaded, set your speed on the vehicles around you. Do not ride too slowly to avoid obstructions to traffic.

Another important point is the safety distances which, when they are not respected, lead to serious accidents. Keep in mind the “two seconds” rule to maintain an acceptable safe distance. It is very simple to apply: choose a fixed object in the distance like a traffic sign or a bridge and wait for the vehicle in front of you to pass up to it.

Then say “independence, independence” equivalent to two seconds. If you arrive at the marker before the end, you are too close. You can also follow the white stripes on the side of the road, 2 safety bands, 1 danger band as the signs say.


During rain or heavy rain, in order to limit aquaplaning and circulate safely, we recommend that you:

  • Lift the foot of the accelerator
  • Check the condition and pressure of your tires often
  • Respect the safety distances
  • Stick to the speed signs
  • Anticipate braking

We remind you of the speed limits on the wet road, namely, 70 mph for rural freeways, a 45 mph minimum speed limit, 65 mph for other 4 lane divided highways, and 55 mph for all other highways. 



It differs completely from daytime driving. We are often dazzled by the low beam or headlights of other vehicles. Here are some details:

Try not to look at the headlights of other cars

Reduce your speed

Change the position of your interior mirror. There is a night position.


For a perfect grip, do not ride with under-inflated tires. You must follow the recommendations of tire manufacturers or manufacturers. Those that are recommended vary depending on your load at the back. Then increase the pressure of the tires in the same place. Depending on their wear rate you can swap your wheels. During a puncture, simply loosen the wheel, use your jack to replace it with your spare wheel. This must be checked regularly.



For your safety and that of your passengers, use a breathalyzer when leaving a restaurant (if you have drunk, of course). He will inform you about your alcohol level and during a control by the police, you will not be in violation. Thus, you will not be penalized with a fine.

Arizona is a no-tolerance state for DUIs, meaning you can be arrested with a blood-alcohol content higher than the legal limit of 0.08 percent, which means that you should not drink a single drink


Also watch out for drugs that can cause drowsiness and decreased reflexes.


In traffic jams, it is better to turn the engine off in order to consume less fuel and to avoid releases of particles to the environment. Try to control yourself by avoiding inadvertent honking, incivility and aggression at the wheel (we know, it’s not always easy).


For your safety, it is forbidden to phone, drink or eat while driving (but you already know that). The Bluetooth hands-free kit is allowed. SMS are not allowed. We keep both hands on the wheel!

If you have a teenager at home, know that he can do driving accompanied. Like you, he must respect all speed limits as well as the Highway Code.


Do not hesitate to obtain brochures, documents and visit the websites of associations that aim to reduce the death rate and accidents. There are many organizations whose mission is to perform Crash Tests. Thus, by buying a new car with 5 stars, you can be sure that it has responded positively to all safety tests.

Now that you know all about our safety tips, the best you can want is to pay attention to yourself, your loved ones and other road users. To do this, check all equipment of your vehicle. Beware also of all users on motorbikes, bikes etc. Finally, if your tires are worn out, buy new ones!

Driving a vehicle requires the greatest concentration; however, too many drivers are distracted from their main activity, driving, by secondary activities.

There are many sources of distraction when a driver is driving his vehicle: eat or drink, smoke, wear makeup, remove his jacket or sweater … But today, society asks us to manage our time best, become a scarce resource. For most of us this means, among other things, being always reachable.

Being able to stay in permanent contact with one’s private or professional surroundings has become an absolute necessity. We often use the car as an extension of our living room or our office. Manufacturers, to meet or anticipate demand, are perfecting their systems. The temptation is therefore great to be distracted at the wheel by other activities. The recent worldwide rise in the use of mobile phones while driving poses more and more security problems.

A recent survey indicates that 2 out of 3 employees call during their business trips and only 20% do so only when stationary. Users underestimate very much the risk they are taking and are hurting others by using their phone while driving. Many believe that the danger lies in the physical manipulation of the phone – the fact of holding it in hand – and consider that the solution is to use a device built into the vehicle or helmet …


Holding an object in hand will necessarily complicate the task of the driver to maneuver his steering wheel if he must avoid an obstacle that arises. He will do the necessary less well (if it happens) and with a delay. The problem is not limited to the action of the hand or its position on the steering wheel, but the danger comes mainly from the mental load that a remote conversation makes to the brain. The threat comes from lack of attention. When we are on the phone, 80% of the capacities of our brain are mobilized, the remote conversation induces automatic mechanisms of thought which make that our spirit projects itself, imagines the interlocutor, the place where it is, “sees his face” . In fact, we are elsewhere, and just capable of performing routine driving tasks, as if we were on autopilot. The results of a study show that people who phone while driving record 30% less information (no difference in test performance could be highlighted between the use of bluetooth, headset phone speaker or phone held against the ear).


The latest generation phones, like smartphones, are minicomputers that allow multiple uses:

Talk, the basic function of any phone. Write text messages and emails (26% of drivers do so, 51% among 25-34 year olds), use applications (programs, software, internet and social networks) or even set up a GPS (36% do it while driving) . Writing a text message makes a person not keep their eyes on the road for 5 seconds, if you drive at 90 km / h, the risk of accident is then multiplied by 23. For comparison if you drive with a rate of blood alcohol level of 0.8 g / l, this increases the risk by 10. Selfies are becoming a popular practice for young people, even at the wheel! According to a survey of Europeans aged 18 to 24, 1 out of 4 admits having taken a picture while driving (28% for the French) and 43% of French young people admit to taking pictures while driving.


Driving requires a permanent concentration to process and interpret a lot of information. A second carelessness can have dramatic consequences, especially when a traffic event occurs that the driver is supposed to detect, analyze and interpret, before reacting appropriately, all very quickly. Still, his attention must be fully available and not mobilized elsewhere. The “lack of attention” is at the origin of many accidents. The reaction time, which is one second if all goes well, is increased by several seconds (2 to 4 times more). The consequence is an extension of the stopping distance. At 50 km / h, with a reaction time of 1 second, we put 28 meters to stop in optimal conditions. With 2 seconds it will be 42 meters.
Other tasks are disrupted. For example, the time spent on the overtaking lane is significantly more important, due to a lower average speed and less frequent maneuvers.


“The omnipresence of mobile phones in everyday life is accompanied by a lack of self-regulation on the part of their users, even in situations where this risks are endangering them” analyzes Bernadette Moreau, General Delegate of the Vinci Autoroutes Foundation. Faced with this widespread practice, some simple reflexes deserve to be adopted by drivers:

Anticipate, better organize, stop: talk on the phone before taking the road, during breaks or pass the communication or the steering wheel to a third party when possible; inform your interlocutors: before the departure, activate a voice message indicating the impossibility of stopping in case of call; protect your interlocutors: when the person called is in a driving situation, systematically suggest him to call back.


As part of an investigation, a requisition from the telephone operator may provide information on the use of the telephone (voice, SMS, internet) at the time of the accident. This may have consequences in the procedure (the lack of attention may be used as a circumstance of liability) and in the context of compensation by the insurance.

If you’re considering a personal injury claim, you will face a time-consuming process. Not to mention it can be complicated and confusing. An experienced lawyer can help you and most important, explain you the whole process so you won’t feel any additional stress. There are some necessary steps, but the unique factors of each case can impact each step. Still, we will sum up the process of some more basic steps that may happen during the claim process!

Consult with an attorney!

The first step is to determine if you have a valid claim, the types of damages you may be entitled to, the extent and severity of your injuries, and your legal options. The statute of limitations in Arizona is two years. Therefore, the period is two years from the date of the injury to file a lawsuit.

Investigating your claim!

Before you go any further, the legal team should investigate your claim. Angkor’s, after you hire an attorney. The investigation process can include medical records, cell phone records, police reports, the accident scene, witness testimony, etc. Depending on the type of case, the legal team may also need to talk to expert witnesses, even accident reconstructionist.

Filing a Demand

After the process of gathering the evidence, your attorney will file a demand for a settlement. The demand letter will explain your case, including liability and damages you, the plaintiff is demanding. The defendant will review the letter – it can be rejected or denied, or there could be a counteroffer!

Filling a lawsuit

If your injury lawsuit cannot be settled, your attorney will file a personal injury lawsuit on your behalf. The discovery phase begins after a lawsuit has been filed. Both parties will obtain evidence from each other and evaluate how is case build on both sides. It will also determine how will the situation be treated and prepared on trial.

Mediation or trial

Keep in mind that most cases are settled before trial. However, at any point in the personal injury claim process, the parties can resolve. This means that the case can be settled just before the case goes to trial.

Arbitration or Trial

Arbitration is considered a type of alternative dispute resolution taken outside of court. It’s not formal as a trial. Instead of presenting a case to judge, the parties dispute in the form of an arbitrator-who is a non-partisan third-party. Depending on the type of a claim you have, arbitration may be required. Arbitration clauses can be found in some agreements, like a nursing home or cell phone contact.

If you don’t go thru arbitration, mediation may be completed before the trial. Both parties will avoid going to trial in the attempt of mediation. During the process, your attorney will work on your behalf for a fair settlement. If the process of mediation doesn’t result in an agreement, then, the next phase is trial. During this process, a jury or a judge will evaluate the facts, and determine fault, and award if they rule in favor of the personal injury victim. Trials can be expensive and time-consuming, which is why many cases are settled before the trial.

According to a recent study by Governor’s Office of Highway Safety, Arizona has the title of the deadliest state for pedestrians. Preliminary data issued that the rate of pedestrian deaths had climbed to 1.61 per 100,000 people, making it no. 1 when accidents are viewed concerning the state’s population.

As a result, the city of Pheonix is trying to find new ways to protect people who enjoy walking or riding a bike.

 The city has launched the Neighborhood Mobility Improvement Study, which is part of the T2050 voter-approved transportation plan. In that plan, the city has selected 11 neighborhoods that could use improvement.  Police departments El Mirage, Mesa, Glendale, Chandler, Pheonix, Sahuarita, Scottsdale, and Surprise, will receive a share of the funding. Some of the areas are the low-income areas, areas with high bike and bus rates and regions with no-car households.  

 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration gave   $793,250 to Governor’s Office of Highway Safety for pedestrian and bicyclist enforcement and education in Arizona. The grant funding primarily targets the Pheonix and Tuscon. Pedestrians should take security measures and advanced program that will help them consider the possibilities when it comes to safe walking and riding a bike. In 2017 the total traffic fatalities were 1,001 while the number of pedestrians more than 40%. In 2013, the overall death toll in traffic was 849. So far in 2018, there are 111 deaths in Arizona.

The increased rate of pedestrians fatalities in Arizona is nearly double than the national average. Drivers are often speeding when they shouldn’t, and they are partially distracted and not focused on driving. Changing lanes before an intersection, making a left or right turn without looking, and not respecting the marked parts of the road or unmarked crosswalks. All of these points can affect the pedestrians safety. Police departments in Chandler and Tuscon have to remind pedestrians and drivers about the dangers above. The efforts include both sides understanding each other and working toward mutual respect between them.

Communication is the Key

In 2016 Arizona was third in the nation with a pedestrian death rate of 1.4 deaths per 100,000. In our state, 88 percent of pedestrian fatalities occur on city and county roads with the remainder happening on state highways.

What could help the Pedestrian’s safety

Gov. Doug Ducey created the Public Safety Goal Council with an idea to reduce traffic fatalities. They’ve started to make some countermeasures: improved street lighting, crosswalk islands, heavily marked crosswalk reduced speed in dangerous intersections.  Drivers blame pedestrians and vice versa.

These pedestrian fatalities usually happen on side roads and mostly after dark. Our cities and counties must find universal language thru engineering and enforcement strategies to improve pedestrian safety by copying efforts that other communities have implemented successfully.

Also, the bus problem can occur. Crossing after exiting the bus can be highly dangerous. The bus drivers must drop off passengers 200 feet away from the intersections. Those on foot must be mindful of using crosswalks and not crossing on the parts where there’s no sign for pedestrians.

As the result of exposure to a substance or other hazard in your environment, you can file a personal injury claim if you suffered an injury. The hazards that can result in personal injury can be found in many locations under this form of civil litigation.

For the civil law, your environment can include your person, your housing situation, your property, your workplace, or the more significant, natural setting. Toxic waste, air pollution, toxic mold, water contamination, lead paint and components parts, and unsafe medications are the most common hazards that result in environmental damage.

These are the most common cases filed under environmental damage personal injury statutes.

For civil litigation, any exposure to a toxin in the environment can be the basis if you suffered ill effects from that exposure. If you suffered injuries as a result of environmental damage, you could file a claim against the party responsible for recovering compensation based on losses in your case.

There is a medic care included and other types of expenses associated with recovering from your injury. If you need assistance with performing everyday activities or any other immediate or long-term care, it can be covered by payments.

Loss of income or reduced income can be an unfortunate possibility in this occasion. It is caused by your inability to work during your illness or recovery period. Some non-financial damages that can be claimed are the loss of life enjoyment, pain and suffering, harder to quantify concepts- they are more difficult to assess, but are no less important  To the quality of life after suffering a personal injury.

These four primary things are a must to prove damages and recover monetary compensation for a personal injury claim:

  • The victim suffered exposure to an environmental hazard
  • The victim was unaware or otherwise unable to avoid the exposure
  • The victim has no part in creating an environmental risk, and played no authoritative role in the ecological damage, and
  • A third party was directly or indirectly responsible for your injury resulting from environmental damage.

Sometimes it can be simple to prove environmental hazard, like when you can show that run-off toxic chemicals contaminate your water from the adjacent agriculture land of some company.

Proving exposure and the third party fault for the disclosure can be challenging.

If EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), has established the fault for environmental damage, proving the existence of the hazard may be easy, but you need the evidence of injury during that hazard.

The term is “causation,” and it means proving your injuries were the direct exposure to an environmental hazard, so the third party is responsible for environmental damage, and is liable for your injury.

For the case, you need environmental damage personal injury attorney who can collect Safety reports, medical records, EPA documents, and other forms arguing your case.

If something like this happened to you, call us and get free information about the potential case!

We can help you proceed with your claim, to determine a monetary settlement or take a case to trial.

Arizona Risk Crossroads

Traffic Collisions in Arizona have been on the rise for five straight years, with intersections being especially dangerous. Near 25 percent of traffic fatalities and 50 percent of the collision, injuries happen in these dangerous intersections.  These intersections require that driver, pedestrian, and cyclists all be vigilant to avoid causing an accident. Federal Highway Safety Administration calls them “Planned points of conflict.”

In ranking-risk crossroads in Arizona, Pheonix is home to half of the most dangerous ones. Many places in Arizona can be risky due to overpopulated areas making a driving hectic.

67TH Avenue and MCDOWELL Road, Pheonix

During rush hours, this route is popular with drivers trying to stay off the interstate. Plenty of residents adds up to the general chaos out there. Rear-end collisions are frequent, as are left-turn crashes.  in 2015, there were around estimated 60,468 people traveling this road.

67TH Avenue and Indian School Road, Pheonix

This place features many apartments and private houses. Most accidents occur in this place, and the older people cause it through statistics.  A National Highway Traffic Safety Association study said that 50 percent of crashes happen within five miles of home. Around 70 percent occurred within the ten miles. Daily traffic for this intersection saw nearly 70,000 motorists per day in 2013.

 1-17 and Happy Valley Road, Mesa

The 1-17 is one of the deadliest roadways in the state of Arizona, including the roundabout intersection at Happy Valley Road. The Happy Valley Road intersection is just prone as the rest of the road. 

Scottsdale  Roundabout

Are roundabouts safer options in Arizona? ADOT has a proposal about diverging diamond interchange to replace the existing roundabouts at the 1-17 and Happy Valley Road. The state has also recommended for a diverging interchange for the South Mountain Freeway in 2019.

In Scottsdale, roundabouts have helped many drivers and becoming more and more popular to control right-of-way traffic reducing collisions in the city. However when drivers and unfamiliar with the roundabout system, they can find themselves in danger of accidents.

They are constructed as a means to control right way vehicle traffic to replace traffic signals. One one hand, according to the City of Scottsdale, statistics show roundabouts reduce collisions in busy intersections in Arizona by 30-20 percent. On the other hand, not all drivers are familiar with the procedures of the roundabouts.

University of Phoenix Campus, Tempe

The University of Pheonix Campus in Tempe is an area with the high amount of yearly accidents resulting in serious injuries or fatalities. The campus has bikers, joggers, walkers, and drivers, which adds to a need for extra precautionary measures. Some of them have been considered by the state of Arizona. Nearly 275,000 people are driving through the city, many of whom are easily distracted college students. Engineers in Pheonix are working hard to improve roadways that have become dangerous for pedestrian and drivers.